Polonnaruwa was established as the capital after Anuradhapura had been invaded in the late 10th century. Under King Parakramabu, who ruled in the late 11th century, Polonnaruwa became a magnificent walled city. He built the vast reservoir and ordered the construction of monasteries, temples, palaces, bathing pools and Buddhist statues, all set in a forested park surrounded by moats.
The Ancient City of Polonnaruwa has been declared a World Heritage Site.
sights in Polannaruwa
PALACE COMPLEX OF KING PARAKRAMABAHU
This is a majestic palace build by King Parakramabahu I, with seven stories and said to have one thousand chambers... Read more >
NISSANKA LATHA MANDAPAYA
Nissanka Latha Mandapaya is a unique structure built by King Nissanka Malla. The most important feature of this building is the shape and the carvings of the stone pillars... Read more >
The Polonnaruwa Vatadage is an ancient structure dating back to the Polonnaruwa period of Sri Lanka. It is believed to have been built during the reign of... Read more >
Gal Vihara is home to four magnificent Buddha statues hewn out of a granite cliff-face. The highlight is the majestic 14-metre (46ft) reclining Buddha... Read more >
LANKATHILAKA IMAGE HOUSE
The impressive walls of the Lankatilaka image house enclose a large but headless statue of the Buddha who stands squashed inside the high, narrow space within... Read more >
Thuparama image house
Thuparama Image House is one of the few buildings where you can see a roof completely made out of bricks and has survived over 900 years... Read more >